The Bargmann-Scharrer lecture
The Bargmann-Scharrer lecture was created in honor of Dr. Wolfgang Bargmann and Dr. Ernst Albert Scharrer, pioneers in the field of comparative neuroendocrinology. The Bargmann-Scharrer lecture recognizes the life-long achievements of a prominent comparative neuroendocrinologist and is presented at the quadrennial International Congress of Comparative Endocrinology (ICCE).
Biographies of Dr. Wolfgang Bargmann and Dr. Ernst Albert Scharrer
Wolfgang Ludwig Bargmann (1906-78) was born in Nuremberg, Germany. He studied medicine at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt and received his doctorate in medicine in 1932. His early career involved a variety of posts. He spent some postdoctoral time at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg and the University of Zurich, took a position as lecturer and prosector at the University of Leipzig, and was appointed associate professor at the University of Königsberg. Towards the end of World War II, he fled to Bavaria and in 1945 he was temporarily Professor at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. In 1946 the University of Kiel offered him the chairmanship of the Department of Anatomy where he remained until he retired in 1974 and became professor emeritus. He died June 20th 1978 in Kiel.
Professor Bargmann’s major contributions to neuroendocrinology include 1) the discovery of the neurosecretory pathway, revealing the full course of the hypothalamoneurohypophyseal tract by “Gomori” staining; 2) the identification of neurosecretory neurons in many vertebrates and invertebrates; and 3) after identifying synaptoid neurosecretory neurons on endocrine cells in the mammalian pars intermedia he coined the term “peptidergic neurons”. Professor Bargmann also made substantial contributions to our fundamental understanding of the islet cells of the pancreas, the ultrastructure of the placenta, the eosinophil leukocytes, milk secretion and the kidney.
Wolfgang Bargmann held numerous honorary positions during his career including being two-time President of the Scientific Commission of the German Science Council (1958-1964), President of the 8th World Congress of Anatomy (Wiesbaden 1960), Chairman of the Anatomical Society, and Senate Member of the Max Planck Society (1966-1972). Finally, among his numerous editorial activities, he served for 30 years as the editor-in-chief of Cell and Tissue Research.
Biography credits: Scharrer, B.V. and Bern, H.A. (1979). Obituary, Wolfgang Bargmann (1906-1978). Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 38: 389-391.
Ernst Albert Scharrer (1905-65) was born in Munich, Germany. He received his MD and PhD degrees from the University of Munich. In Europe, he held positions at the University of Vienna, the Research Institute for Psychiatry in Munich, and was Director of the Neurological Institute of the University of Frankfurt. In the late 1930s, he emigrated to the United States with his wife, Berta Vogel Scharrer, as a Rockefeller Fellow. There, between 1940 and 1946, he was Assistant Professor of Anatomy at Western Reserve University School of Medicine, and Associate Professor of Anatomy at the School of Medicine, University of Colorado. In 1954, he became Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anatomy, Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He died on April 29th 1965 as a result of an accidental drowning.
Professor Scharrer was instrumental in establishing neuroendocrinology as a distinct field. He made seminal contributions to the subject of neurosecretion. On the basis of co-operative studies with Professor Wolfgang Bargmann and Dr. Berta Scharrer, he proposed that the neurosecretory cells of hypothalamic nuclei are the origin of neurohypophyseal hormones. Using a comparative approach ranging from invertebrates to man, Dr. Scharrer’s research was fundamental in establishing the general principles that define neuroendocrine systems.
Biography credits: Bajusz, E. (1965/1966). Editorial, Ernst A. Scharrer. Neuroendocrinology 1: 65-67.
1981 (Hong Kong): Berta Scharrer, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA
1985 (Copper Mountain): Joos Joosse, HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1989 (Malaga): Howard A. Bern, UC Berkeley, USA
1993 (Toronto): Hiroshi Kawauchi, Kitasato University, Japan
1997 (Yokohama): Robert P. Millar, University of Cape Town, South Africa
2001 (Sorrento): Eric W. Roubos, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2005 (Boston): Robert M. Dores, University of Denver, USA
2009 (Hong Kong): Dan Larhammar, University of Uppsala, Sweden
2013 (Barcelona): Kazuyoshi Tsutsui, Waseda University, Japan